Vagrant事始め

vagrant
windows

とりあえず触ってみました on Windows10

必要なもののインストール

注意

Windowsのユーザフォルダ名に日本語等の「全角文字(マルチバイトコード)」を利用している場合は、
エラーになるので全角文字のない場所にVagrant及びVirtualBoxのホームフォルダを移動させる必要がある

Vagrantのホームフォルダの移動方法

Windowsの環境変数に VAGRANT_HOME を追加し、値にホームフォルダのパスを指定

VAGRANT_HOME="C.vagrant.d"

Virtual Boxのイメージファイル出力場所の変更

Virtual Boxの環境設定から、
[一般] > [デフォルトの仮想マシンのフォルダ]のパスを変更

起動したいイメージを選ぶ

https://app.vagrantup.com/boxes/search

環境を作っていく

https://app.vagrantup.com/boxes/search で選んだイメージを使います。
今回の例ではcentos/8を選んだとします。

vagrant init centos/8

コマンドが実行されると

  • Vagrantfile
  • .vagrant

という、ファイルとフォルダが作成される

接続先をVirtualBoxにかえる

Vagrantfileファイルをテキストエディタで開き以下のような内容の行のコメントアウトを外す

config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.33.10"

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# All Vagrant configuration is done below. The "2" in Vagrant.configure
# configures the configuration version (we support older styles for
# backwards compatibility). Please don't change it unless you know what
# you're doing.
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  # The most common configuration options are documented and commented below.
  # For a complete reference, please see the online documentation at
  # https://docs.vagrantup.com.

  # Every Vagrant development environment requires a box. You can search for
  # boxes at https://vagrantcloud.com/search.
  config.vm.box = "opscode-centos7.2"

  # Disable automatic box update checking. If you disable this, then
  # boxes will only be checked for updates when the user runs
  # `vagrant box outdated`. This is not recommended.
  # config.vm.box_check_update = false

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine. In the example below,
  # accessing "localhost:8080" will access port 80 on the guest machine.
  # NOTE: This will enable public access to the opened port
  # config.vm.network "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine and only allow access
  # via 127.0.0.1 to disable public access
  # config.vm.network "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080, host_ip: "127.0.0.1"

  # Create a private network, which allows host-only access to the machine
  # using a specific IP.
  config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.33.10"

  # Create a public network, which generally matched to bridged network.
  # Bridged networks make the machine appear as another physical device on
  # your network.
  # config.vm.network "public_network"

  # Share an additional folder to the guest VM. The first argument is
  # the path on the host to the actual folder. The second argument is
  # the path on the guest to mount the folder. And the optional third
  # argument is a set of non-required options.
  # config.vm.synced_folder "../data", "/vagrant_data"

  # Provider-specific configuration so you can fine-tune various
  # backing providers for Vagrant. These expose provider-specific options.
  # Example for VirtualBox:
  #
  # config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
  #   # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine
  #   vb.gui = true
  #
  #   # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:
  #   vb.memory = "1024"
  # end
  #
  # View the documentation for the provider you are using for more
  # information on available options.

  # Enable provisioning with a shell script. Additional provisioners such as
  # Ansible, Chef, Docker, Puppet and Salt are also available. Please see the
  # documentation for more information about their specific syntax and use.
  # config.vm.provision "shell", inline: <<-SHELL
  #   apt-get update
  #   apt-get install -y apache2
  # SHELL
end

仮想環境を構築

vagrant up

完成した仮想環境の確認

vagrant box list

仮想環境にアクセス

vagrant ssh

以上です